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This image will work on almost any netbook, although there are issues with some models. Be sure to read this entire page before you install for important notes and details. If you have not yet selected a netbook model, we are presently recommending the Dell Mini 1012, HP Mini 210 or 2102, Asus EeePC 1001/1005, and Acer AspireOne models. Other models are known to work as well - these we have found to be the best performing/most compatible.

Please also note that this image does work on most desktop and full-size laptops as well.


Give it a Try: Download and Install Virtual Machine

If you would like to try out the custom UNR install in VMWare (expensive) or Virtualbox (free), download and extract the following:


After you extract the UNR.zip file, you will have two files: UNR.ovf and UNR.vmdk. These files are Open Virtualization Format files, compatible with both VMWare and VirtualBox (and probably others). They were created with Virtualbox (which I prefer) so your mileage may vary. See the instructions that came with your virtualization platform for assistance importing these files.

Please Note: I found that the 3D acceleration settings on Virtualbox cause the virtual machine to flake if enabled. Though it can make some programs a little sluggish, I'd recommend leaving it off. I've also seen some screen corruption issues on some versions at startup, which are easily fixed by resizing the window.


Or, Download and Install for Netbooks/Desktops w/ 512M+ RAM

This custom UNR install requires a USB key that is at least 2Gb in size. First, download the latest image file:

Current Stable Release: http://do7.saugus.k12.ca.us/ubermix/ubermix-key0.67.img

Beta release based on Ubuntu Lucid Lynx 10.04: http://do7.saugus.k12.ca.us/ubermix/ubermix-key0.70beta4.img
General release planned for May 3, 2010 

Note: For model specific issues and configuration instructions, see the section at the bottom of this page.
Note for users of prior versions: Version 0.58 and higher no longer install the eee-control applet for Asus EeePCs by default. See instructions below for details on how to install if you have an Asus EeePC model netbook.

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Prior release based on Ubuntu Jaunty 9.04: http://do7.saugus.k12.ca.us/ubermix-key0.42.img


Creating the USB Key


  1. Determine where the image file was saved when you downoaded it from the web site. It should be in the root of your Home folder. If not, move it there.
  2. Insert your 2Gb+ USB key in any available USB port on your machine. Most Linux systems will automatically mount the key.
  3. We need to find out what disk the system assigned to the key. To do so, open up a terminal (usually under "Accessories") and type "mount" followed by the enter key. In the list of disks that appear, you should see your USB key at the bottom, listed as "/dev/sd*1" where * is probably a,b,c,or d. 
  4. Next, unmount the USB key by typing "umount /dev/sdX1" (replacing "X" with the letter you saw in the list on step 3)
  5. Finally, type in "sudo dd if=ubermix-key0.67.img of=/dev/sdX" followed by the enter key, where "X" is the letter you determined in step 3. When the command completes, you will have a USB key that is ready to boot and install the custom build of UNR on your netbook.


  1. These instructions assume you are using Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard. If you are using another version of OS X, details may differ slightly. 
  2. Determine where the image file was saved when you downoaded it from the web site. Macs usually store downloaded files in the "Downloads" folder, which is in your home folder. Firefox often saves downloads in the Desktop. Move the downloaded image to your home folder.
  3. Insert your 2Gb+ USB key in one of the USB ports on your Mac.
  4. Switch to the Finder and open the "Utilities" folder (Go -> Utilities)
  5. Open "Disk Utility"
  6. When Disk Utility opens, locate your USB key in the panel on the left of the window. You will see two items in the list: the key itself ("Lexar" in the example below - yours will probably be different), and the volume that exists on the key ("usb_disk" in the example below - yours will probably be different). Ctrl-click on the volume ("usb_disk on the example - yours will be different) and select "Unmount"
  7. Close the Disk Utility, and Open "Terminal" in the "Utilities" window
  8. Type "diskutil list" in the terminal window, and look for your USB key in the list. The detail we are looking for is which device it is ("/dev/disk2" in the example below)
  9. Once you have determined which device it is, type in the following: "sudo dd if=ubermix-key0.67.img of=/dev/diskX" replacing the "X" with the disk number from step 8. When the command completes, you will have a USB key that is ready to boot and install the custom build of UNR on your netbook. Note that my experience has been that Macs do this INCREDIBLY slowly, for some reason. If you plan to make multiple keys, create one on the Mac, install on a netbook, and then use the netbook to make additional keys.


  1. Download win32disk imager from https://launchpad.net/win32-image-writer/+download
  2. Locate the zip file you just downloaded, right-click on it, and choose "Extract" to extract the application from the zip file.
  3. Locate the W32DiskImager.exe file you extracted, and double-click to run the application
  4. Select the ubermix-key0.67.img file you downloaded above.
  5. Insert your 2Gb+ USB key in a USB port on your PC
  6. Click on the refresh button on the right under "Device", and then select the drive letter of your USB key
  7. Click on the "Write" button and wait until the operation completes.


Installing on your System

Instructions for booting a system from a USB key will vary from system to system, so you will want to consult the manual that came with your system if the following instructions do not work for some reason. These instructions are based on the Asus EeePC.

Warning: If your netbook has never had the ubermix installed on it, this process will erase everything on your netbook. If there is anything on it that you want to keep, you will want to back it up prior to performing the following steps. As of version .65, netbooks that already have ubermix .65 or later on them can simply be upgraded, with no loss of user files.

  1. If your netbook is turned on, shut it down first.
  2. Insert the USB key you created in the prior steps, and press the power button on your netbook.
  3. When you see a splash screen (grey screen with a white "EeePC" in the middle on an EeePC) press the escape key to show the boot menu.
  4. Select the USB key from the menu and press the Enter key on your keyboard

In a few seconds, you will see a menu containing installation options, as follows:

  1. Install Ubuntu Netbook Remix 9.10
  2. Apply simple updates
  3. Do both 1 & 2
  4. Fast image (both 1 & 2, format user home, no prompts)
  5. Shell prompt

Understanding the options:

When designing this setup, the concept behind the installation process has been to create a general base installation, represented by option 1, and then add on a mechanism for customizing the base installation easily, which is represented by option 2. Option 1 is therefore required, as it is the entire operating systemThe modifications in option 2 represent only changes to the base install, and therefore require that the base install be completed first. Options 3 and 4 were added to speed the installation process, and option 5 is there for troubleshooting.

By default, option 1 contains everything described in part 1 - Overview. For option 2, we remove a number of preferences and settings icons from the interface (but not the underlying programs, so they still can be run), add on iTalc client for workstation management, and set up an automatic update mechanism that makes it possible to make mass changes to all systems at once. For details, see section 4 - Customization.


Model Specific Issues and Instructions

All Asus EeePC Models

The Asus EeePC has a number of hardware enhancements to improve battery life and a variety of special keys which make them unique among netbooks. To control these features, a special application called eee-control must be activated. To activate eee-control, follow the instructions on the Eee Control Updates page.

EeePC 1005HA and Acer AspireOne D250 Models

The Microphones on these models are a bit different from others, in that they are digital, rather than analog mics. This makes the input volume controls non-functional in the volume applet at the top-right corner of the screen. To control the input volume on these models, go to "Sound and Video", open the "GNOME ALSA Mixer" application, and adjust the "Digital" slider.

Toshiba NB200/NB205

These netbooks have a problem identifying the state of the headphone jack, which causes the internal speakers to turn themselves off. It is possible to get a customized kernel that works around the problem (see this bug report for details), however such a model specific customization might hamper functionality on other netbooks, and will therefore not be included in this build.

Netbooks with Broadcom Wireless Adapters (Dell Mini 1011(10v) & 1012, Acer AspireOne D150, HP Mini 110, Lenovo S10, etc.)

Unfortunately, the Broadcom driver requires custom configuration that interferes with the operation of other wireless adapters, so we don't install it on the ubermix-key by default. We do, however, include the driver with an easy script to activate it. To do so, follow the instructions on the Broadcom Wireless page.

Netbooks with Synaptics Clickpads (HP Mini 210/2102 and a number of very new models with N450 processors)

Please note: This update is already applied in ubermix versions 0.64 and above. Only users of prior versions of the ubermix need worry about installing this fix. Some brand new netbooks, like the HP Mini 210/2102, have a new Synaptics touchpad called a "Clickpad". These are easy to identify, as there are no separate buttons and the entire pad moves when you click on it. Also, you'll notice that one or both of the buttons don't work. This is fairly easy to fix by following the steps on Synaptics Clickpads

Samsung Netbooks

Samsung netbooks have generally goofy hardware configurations. An independent developer has a number of packages that make them mostly work at http://is.gd/aJgsl . To install these, follow the instructions in 4 - Customization to boot with aufs=off first, then follow the instructions at http://is.gd/aJgsl to install the repository and get the packages. Your mileage may vary, depending on the model. I have tested on the N130 and N140, and the wireless does work after install, but some of the hotkeys don't. My recommendation - avoid Samsung netbooks.

Netbooks with Z520/530 processors and/or GMA500 graphics cards

Very few netbooks come in this configuration - I've only seen these chips in the original circa 2008 Dell Mini 10, some older Dell Latitude 2100s and the Asus EeePC T91. Do not install on these models, or any other as the GMA500 graphics card is not supported.


jklein, 04/21/10 10:45 (GMT)